PD Series, Part 3: Pilates-inspired class plans and tips for teaching people with Parkinson’s

When I first worked with people with neurological conditions, I was a relatively new studio teacher. I benefitted greatly from mentors who guided me thoughtfully and by immersing myself in the science of human movement available through Body Harmonics’ extensive Continuing Education program, and beyond. Eighteen years later, as director of our NeuroFit program at…

phasic muscles pilates and movement

What are tonic and phasic muscles (and why should I care)?

Understanding tonic and phasic muscles Tonic and phasic muscle theory originated in the late 1960s with Dr. Vladimir Janda, a Czech neurologist and physiotherapist.  Using electromyography (EMG), Dr. Janda found that some muscles are practically always active and seemingly resistant to fatigue, while others fatigue easily and are only active when deliberately called upon. Dr.…